Why Java is Key for the Internet of Things

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The Internet of Things (IoT) is finally here. This long-awaited and highly-predicted network of internet-connected devices will soon transform the way that individuals interact with electronics and the larger world around them.

internet-of-things-photo

Source: justcreative.com

Major Fortune 500 companies and dedicated Java development & outsourcing firms are already developing the first generation of IoT devices. They’ll make truly smart homes a reality, allow a fleet of self-driving cars to take over the road, and help businesses increase efficiency and improve their customer service for decades to come.

The IoT industry is predicted to generate more than $123 billion in revenue by 2021, and the nationwide deployment of 5G wireless tech over the next five years is expected to accelerate that growth.

Importantly, the driving force behind the IoT is Java, one of the oldest and most stable programming languages on Earth. Read on to find out why this aging language is the key to the most important technological movement in decades and why you need to master it to jump on the IoT trend.

What is the IoT and Why Does it Matter?

The IoT is a term used to describe the interconnected network of internet-enabled devices that exists throughout the world today. Yet, the IoT is still in its infancy.

Today, customers can setup IoT-connected devices, like smart speakers, assistants, security systems, and thermostats, in their homes. But their capabilities are extremely contrived because of data transmission limits.

Over the next five years, telecommunications companies will continue to deploy their 5G networks across the world. Additionally, 5G devices will begin to become available to consumers by the end of 2020. This ultra-fast network, combined with other developments such as AI and machine learning, will finally make a robust IoT real.

Experts predict that there will be more than 36 billion IoT-connected devices by the end of 2019, with the number expected to rise dramatically over the next half-decade. Expect to see more and more major tech companies release IoT products over the next two years as current development projects and partnerships with Java development services begin to pay off.

Now, let’s explore why Java has become the programming language of choice for IoT development. Developers have fallen in love with Java because of its platform independence, long-term stability, a huge collection of libraries, and advanced IDEs.

Platform Independence

One of the reasons why Java has remained so popular over the past three decades, despite a plethora of rival programming languages, is its platform independence.

Using Java, developers can write code that works flawlessly on any operating system. This is a huge benefit over other languages, where engineers must either write a new set of code or use a library to translate the language for a different operating system.

Java can accomplish this platform independence through its built-in compiler. It automatically takes the high-level language utilized by Java and translates it into code that the machine-level computer system can comprehend.

Essentially, Java is able to translate source code into executable code. This is quite different from other popular programming languages like C and C++, which are platform-dependent and require different code for different operating systems.

This is very important for the IoT because this interconnected system of devices uses different operating systems. Being able to use a single language for IoT programming makes developing software for these myriad devices much simpler.

Language Stability

Another major benefit associated with Java is its long-term stability. The popular programming language was first released in 1995 and has been supported and expanded by the respected tech giant Oracle ever since.

The company recently announced that Java will no longer undergo “major” releases. Instead, Oracle will update the software twice a year at regular dates. These updates will be smaller in scope than previous releases and will give developers even more stability.

Many software engineers love the fact that Java is a stable language. While it does mean that it may not have all of the latest features and approaches, it does offer confidence that what you learn today will still be the same in the future–an important thing in a field with such instability.

Long-term stability in a programming language is like a liferaft in rough seas when it comes to the IoT. That’s because this network of internet-enabled devices is constantly growing, using new mobile networks for connections, and being updated with the latest technology on the market.

Having a stable programming language allows developers to use the same approach to software development even when every other factor is changing rapidly.

Useful Libraries and IDEs

Because of Java’s long history, developers using it can count on its extensive collection of well-built libraries and integrated development environments (IDEs).

Java’s time-tested libraries help developers save valuable time and increase efficiency by allowing them to reuse code. In addition, the reuse of proven code reduces the overall number of errors and bugs in the project by reducing the total amount of newly written code.

Software developers can use Java’s libraries to build a cleaner API and reduce the size of their class files. Just as importantly, they can use test libraries to assess their application and to quickly narrow down the source of errors. Finally, these same libraries can be reused for multiple projects.

In addition, Java’s IDEs are extremely popular among engineers. They provide the main interface for developers to use to edit and compile code, build automation tools, or debug programs.

Some of the most popular Java IDEs are Codency, DrJava, BlueJ, and Eclipse. Each is used frequently by developers at the world’s most respected tech companies and in their Java development projects.

Java’s time-tested libraries and IDEs, combined with the language’s platform independence, mean that developers can quickly build brand-new software for new IoT devices without having to write large amounts of original code, making the entire process simpler and more error-free for the entire development team.

In Summary

The IoT is very close to becoming a reality for consumers and businesses alike. This futuristic network of internet-connected devices is closely linked with 5G wireless tech, which will reach consumers slowly over the next five years. Soon, the world will be filled with self-driving cars, futuristic public transportation systems, and AI-driven personal assistants.

Java, one of the oldest programming languages in use today, is the most important language for IoT development. This is a sharp turn in fortunes for a language once called “dead technology” by more than one expert. IoT developers and have flocked to the language for a variety of reasons, including its platform independence, which makes future updates a simple process.

In addition, software engineers and dedicated Java development services also love the language’s long-term stability and huge collection of libraries, which help developers save valuable time. Finally, Java has a time-tested set of IDEs that streamline the development process and make it easier to build software.

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Summary
Title
Why Java is Key for the Internet of Things
Description
The Internet of Things (IoT) is finally here. This long-awaited and highly-predicted network of internet-connected devices will soon transform the way that individuals interact with electronics and the larger world around them.

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