The Winners of 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics and Medicine Announced: A Woman Shared a Win for the 1st Time in 55 Years!

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The Nobel Prize is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.

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Arthur Ashkin, Gérard Mourou, and Donna Strickland win Nobel Prize in Physics

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The 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to Arthur Ashkin, and the other half jointly to Gérard Mourou and Donna Strickland “for their groundbreaking inventions in the field of laser physics.”

American physicist Ashkin has been awarded the Nobel Prize for optical tweezers and their application to biological systems, while French physicist Mourou and Canadian physicist Strickland have been awarded the prize for their method of generating high-intensity, ultra-short optical pulses.

Strickland is the first woman in 55 years to be awarded the prize, while 96-year-old Ashkin, becomes the oldest Nobel Laureate.

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James Allison and Tasuku Honjo win Nobel Prize in Medicine

American James Allison and Japan’s Tasuku Honjo have won the 2018 Nobel Prize in Medicine for a pioneering approach to cancer treatment.

The Nobel committee said the pair’s research – which harnesses the body’s immune system to attack cancer cells – amounted to a “landmark in our fight against cancer.” The approach, known as immune checkpoint theory, had “revolutionized cancer treatment and has fundamentally changed the way we view how cancer can be managed,” the committee said.

Source: AP

Allison, chair of Immunology and executive director of the Immunotherapy Platform at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, studied a protein that functions as a brake on the immune system. Releasing the brake allowed immune cells to attack tumors, he found.

The discovery led to effective treatments, specifically some called immune checkpoint blockade therapies.

“I’m a basic scientist. I did not get into these studies to try to cure cancer. I got into them because I wanted to know how T cells work,” Allison said.


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The Winners of 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics and Medicine Announced: A Woman Shared a Win for the 1st Time in 55 Years!
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The Winners of 2018 Nobel Prize in Physics and Medicine Announced: A Woman Shared a Win for the 1st Time in 55 Years!
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The Nobel Prize is a set of six annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances. This is a developing story so follow Nexter.org for the latest updates.
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