Summer Solstice 2018: When and How First Day of Summer Was Celebrated – Times, Rituals and Traditions

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Solstice is the astronomical start of in Britain. This year it occurs on Thursday, June 21. Read what you should know about this phenomenon. 

Summer-solstice-2018-pic

Source: Daily Express

’s finally here!

Wait, what? started on June 1, you would say. The reason for the confusion is two official dates for the start of the season – the astronomical and meteorological start of . So, it’s high time to meet the astronomical start of our beloved season – June 21.

Dr. Gregory Brown, Royal Observatory Greenwich, told Express: “The season of begins at different times depending on what the specific purpose is. For astronomers, the date of the seasons must be connected to a specific, measurable quantity.

Summer-solstice-2018-pic

Source: Old Farmer’s Almanac

“Meteorological is instead based on the change in weather patterns of each season and lags behind the longest day because it takes time for the atmosphere and oceans to warm up.”

Dr. Brown added: “We use the solstice which is the moment when the Earth’s tilt is most pointed towards the Sun in the northern hemisphere, making the day that moment falls upon the day with the longest daylight hours. That day can mark either the beginning or the exact middle of astronomical , depending on the astronomer.”

In London, the sun will rise at 04:42 and set at 21:19. Near Stonehenge, sunrise will be at 04:51 and sunset will be at 21:23.

What about Stonehenge and rituals?

Stonehenge is an ancient place of worship and celebration of the first day of for thousands of years. Imagine yourself being one of the ancestors – stand in the right place inside the Stonehenge monument on the day of the solstice to see the sunrise directly above the Heel Stone.

2018 won’t be an exception: thousands of people will come to witness the first rays of the sunlight like the druids from time immemorial.

Stonehenge is open from 19:00 on Tuesday to 08:00 on Wednesday. Admission is free, however, you need to pay for parking. Don’t miss a chance to see the spectacle!

Related phenomena 

The opposite phenomenon, the winter solstice, is the annual astronomical phenomenon will mark the shortest day of the year and the start of the winter period as well. After that, the nights will begin to get shorter as our planet rotates towards the sun until the solstice in June. Since the winter solstice, the days will start getting longer again and you can start looking forward to spring.

Also,  the planet undergoes two equinoxes in the spring and autumn. Spring equinox, or so-called ‘vernal equinox’, is an astronomical event that signals the end of winter and the beginning of warm spring. On this day, the duration of the day and night are equal, and from the next day the day starts to get longer, and the night – shorter.


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Summer Solstice 2018: When and How First Day of Summer Was Celebrated - Times, Rituals and Traditions
Title
Summer Solstice 2018: When and How First Day of Summer Was Celebrated - Times, Rituals and Traditions
Description
Summer Solstice is the astronomical start of summer in Britain. This year it occurs on Thursday, June 21. Read what you should know about this phenomenon. 
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