Mysterious Rare Eye Melanoma Is Spreading Through US – Doctors Are Puzzled by Several Cases Detected in 2 States (Infographic)

374

A group of patients with a rare type of eye cancer called ocular melanoma has puzzled doctors.

Follow Nexter.org to know more.

Mysterious cases

Ocular melanoma is an extremely rare form of cancer. Usually, it could be found in just six of every one million people. Although it is the most common eye cancer in adults — about 2,500 adults are diagnosed every year in the U.S.

That’s why it is so strange that this type of cancer has been identified in more than 50 individuals around two locations: Huntersville, North Carolina, and Auburn, Alabama. At least 38 of these individuals attended Auburn University between 1983 and 2001, according to a Facebook page for the group of patients.

At least four have died of the disease.

Ocular-Melanoma-photo

The cases seem to be more common in women than men, and are being diagnosed at younger-than-expected ages — including in people under 30. Typically, the average age of diagnosis is 55 years old.

Four of the cases in North Carolina were in young women who went to or lived near Hopewell High School in Huntersville. They were diagnosed between 2009 and 2014 when they were in their twenties.

Like in Huntersville, the first cases in Auburn were in young women. In those cases, the women were diagnosed their twenties, thirties, or early forties, and had attended college around the same time — three had been friends in college.

Gepostet von Auburn Ocular Melanoma Page am Mittwoch, 25. April 2018

Experts can’t explain 

Materin, an ocular oncologist at the Duke Eye Center in Durham, North Carolina, treated three new patients with it in 2017, although some of the patients were older.

“I will call this a huge red flag,” said Materin. “Why is this happening, why this town, why young females, and why ocular melanoma?” Researchers don’t know the answer to these questions, although Materin said that they did test the patients to see if they carried a susceptibility gene called BAP1, and they did not.

The exact cause of ocular melanoma is still unknown. Individuals at highest risk include those with light eye color, those with light skin color and those exposed to high levels of artificial UV radiation. People with certain occupations, such as cooks and metal workers, also appear to have an increased risk, according to a 2001 study.

No common cause has been identified in the current group of cases.

There is no known cure for ocular melanoma, although radiation therapy and surgery can help prolong the length and quality of life, according to the doctors.


MORE HOT NEWS

Summary
Misterious Rare Eye Melanoma Is Spreading Through US - Doctors Are Puzzled by Several Cases Detected in 2 States (Infographic)
Article Name
Misterious Rare Eye Melanoma Is Spreading Through US - Doctors Are Puzzled by Several Cases Detected in 2 States (Infographic)
Description
A group of patients with a rare type of eye cancer called ocular melanoma has puzzled doctors. Follow Nexter.org to know more.
Nexter.org
Nexter.org
Nexter.org
/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/logo_nexterbg.jpg

Comments are closed.

More News from Nexter