Muharram 2018: When Is the Islamic New Year Celebrated and Why It’s So Important Holiday for Muslims?

458

Muslims across the world welcome the Islamic New Year on September 11, which marks the beginning of Muharram – the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar.

Keep on reading Nexter.org to know more about it.

When does the Islamic New Year 2018 begin?

islamic-new-year-celebrations-photo

Source: Getty Images

Also called Al-Hijra, the Islamic New Year is the first day of Muharram, which is the first month in the Islamic lunar calendar.

Various countries, Islamic denominations, and groups have different ways of determining the start of the New Year, so the date may vary with location. Traditionally, the Islamic New Year begins with the first sighting of the waxing crescent Moon (called a hilal) just after it is new in the month of Muharram.

In 2018, the first day of Muharram is expected to be Wednesday, September 12, though the Saudi government’s Umm al-Qura Calendar is stating it as happening on the previous day – Tuesday, September 11.

Why is it important?

islamic-new-year-celebrations-photo

Source: AP

Muharram is the second most holy month of the Islamic year, after Ramadan, its name meaning “forbidden”, many followers of the faith choosing to fast on its ninth and tenth days.

The first month of the year also marks the anniversary of the historic Battle of Karbala on 10 October 680 AD where the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, Imam Hussein ibn Ali, was killed during the siege of the Iraqi city 100km south of Baghdad, an event widely commemorated by Shia Muslims.

The New Year also honors the emigration of Muhammad from Mecca to Medina, which was known as the Hijrah and gives the first day of the year its name.

What year is it?

Islamic years are usually followed by the letter “H”, for Hijrah, or “AH”, for the Latin term Anno Hegirae, meaning “in the year of the Hijrah”.

At the moment, the Islamic year is 1439 AH. From Tuesday, it will be 1440 AH.

How is the New Year celebrated?

For many Muslims, the New Year represents a period for self-reflection and historical awareness. Prayers and fasting build up towards the tenth day of Muharram, known as Ashura, when the massacre at Karbala is remembered.

Mourning congregations gather to express grief, with Shia Muslim sects commonly practicing chest beating, known as the Latyma, and sometimes self-flagellation and the cutting of their foreheads.

islamic-new-year-celebrations-photo

Source: Reuters

Sunni Muslims regard Ashura as a day of respect and gratitude for the Prophet Moses but do not participate in the ritual.


MORE HOT NEWS

Summary
Muharram 2018: When Is the Islamic New Year Celebrated and Why It's So Important Holiday for Muslims?
Article Name
Muharram 2018: When Is the Islamic New Year Celebrated and Why It's So Important Holiday for Muslims?
Description
Muslims across the world welcome the Islamic New Year on September 10, which marks the beginning of Muharram – the first month of the Islamic lunar calendar.
Nexter.org
Nexter.org
Nexter.org
/wp-content/uploads/2018/04/logo_nexterbg.jpg

Comments are closed.

More News from Nexter