Develop Your Science Writing Skills: 11 Ways To Become A Master


Most students will need to take a science class at some point in their college careers, as a prerequisite, for personal interest, or because they are interested in pursuing a career in this field.

Regardless of the reasons, science classes require an entirely different type of writing than an English or other humanities class. The skill set is different, and many students do not know how to effectively employ the skills needed to write scientifically. Here, we have outlined what skills are important to possess in order to effectively write for this these classes and some advice on how to further develop these skills into mastery.

Necessary Science Writing Skills

  1. Do not use words you don’t need to use. There is no need to depend on flowery prose in science writing. Make sure that you’re sentences are direct and clean, in order not to take away from the point you are making and from the questions you are exploring. The focus should be on the research and experiment, not on the language used to describe them.
  2. Do not use the passive voice. It is tempting for scientific writers to rely on the passive voice in an attempt to omit the first person “I”; however, most scientific writing actually encourages the researcher to insert him or herself into the writing. When describing actions taken, it is sometimes better to use “I” then it is to use the passive voice. Or, even better, is to minimize the passive voice without resorting to the use of “I.” Much of this will depend on your professor’s opinion. Keeping the voice active keeps your paper strong and compelling.
  3. Do your best not to be too repetitive. Using the same phases or words repeatedly throughout your paper will make your writing dull. You can always turn to a thesaurus to reword phrases you find you are using too much.
  4. Research your topic. Make sure you have extensively analyzed your topic. You cannot write any sort of scientific report without first building knowledge of the topic at hand. You need to make sure that your research falls into a valuable and tangible framework.
  5. Read other science writing. This is vital not only because it gives you real examples as to how scientific writing should look and sound, but it shows you where your writing fits into existing scientific papers. Eventually, if you pursue science further, you will need to make sure you are coming up with original research that relies on existing studies as a basis for your own. This is great practice for that.
  6. Include a lot of references. The more references you can include that back your research, the more valid those reading your paper will see your experiment as being. Additionally, a solid background will make your research stronger because you will know what you are doing and how others engaged in similar types of research. Of course, make sure these references are relevant and specific to your paper.
  7. Determine why your study is important. If you don’t know why you’re doing the research that you are doing, then the person reading your paper won’t know either. Be able to clearly articulate why your paper is important and why it needs to be written. Ask yourself what you want your audience to know and how you can effectively explain it to them.
  8. Make sure that your introduction adequately sets the tone. Although you may be tempted to focus purely on the data that you have gathered, a strong introduction is also important. This puts your research into the context necessary to understand the implications of what you studied. It’s a good idea to go broad first, and then to gradually narrow your introduction down into the questions that your paper is going to answer.
  9. Include only relevant research. Make sure that the research you include is relevant. Don’t pad your paper with anything you can find that is loosely related to the topic at hand.
  10. Practice your writing. This may seem obvious, but the best way to improve your writing is to practice your writing. The problem is, many people in the sciences feel they don’t need to focus on this. By becoming a better writer, your research will be easier to understand and your experiments easier to replicate. More people will be interested in your work.
  11. Know how to format your paper. Science writing papers are formatted differently than what most students are typically used to. They are not written like a standard essay.

They have specific components that must be included:

  • Introduction: Introduce your background and your hypothesis.
  • Materials and Methods: Talk about how you are going to conduct your experiment.
  • Results: Discuss what you discovered in your experiment and use diagrams and statistics to demonstrate to the reader what happened.
  • Discussion: Contextualize your results into the results of other science writing, referring back to the background you wrote about in your introduction.
  • Conclusion: In your conclusion, discuss what the broader implications are for your experiment. Why is it important?

Even a great study can be ruined by poor and ineffective writing. Often time, science professors themselves will overlook instruction in this arena in favor of spending time on the scientific concepts themselves, so it is often important for you to hone these skills on your own time. Science writing is a crucial skill that will not only allow you to impress your science professors and ace that course, but that will allow you to more fully articulate your findings to the scientific world. There are a lot of companies which offer help with writing scientific essays and research projects. If you are looking for a professional research paper writing service to have your science paper written from scratch, don’t hesitate to hire an academic writer for assistance.

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