Scientists at Stanford University (US) decoded the complete genome of the “Atacama specimen” (Ata) – a 6 inches long mummy found in 2003 in the desert in northern Chile.
Read the details on Nexter.org.
In a nutshell
The ‘Ata’ mummy was discovered in 2003 in the Atacama region of Chile and was firstly considered as a representative of extraterrestrial life.
In addition to the tiny height, the mummy has two more inhuman features: it had nine pairs of ribs (a man has twelve pairs) and a very elongated skull.
It resembled images of extraterrestrial aliens from fantastic films and was called the “humanoid from the Atacama.”
The mummy quickly became the main topic for discussion and investigation. At the same time, scientists from the Stanford University, under the guidance of microbiologist and immunologist Garry Nolan, started to analyze the data taken from Ata.
In 2013, they presented the results of their work and came up with the following ideas: mummy belongs to a 7-year-old boy, who suffered a severe and unknown variety of dwarfism.
According to another version, the child was suffering from progeria – an abnormally rapid aging – and died shortly after birth.
Source: Bhattacharya et al
New human species?
It turned out that human DNA and Ata do not coincide by 8%. The specialists explained this by the consequence of multiple mutations in the genes.
According to the authors of the study, the results they obtained exclude the version of the alien origin of Ata. The tragic story of a humanoid described below.
The scientists continued research for the next five years and identified mutations of several genes responsible for the abnormal development of the skeleton.
As a result of the research, Nolan and his colleague Ralph Lachman of Stanford University came to the final conclusion: the skeleton belongs to a Chilean baby girl, who suffered from serious genetic mutations.
Thus, the structure of Ata bones indicates a rare disease of the bone structure.
The mystery is solved!
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