7 Most Common Cancers and Their Symptoms

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Most of us know that cancer has different stages and the earlier doctors find this disease, the earlier they can start treating it. There are more than 100 types of cancer, so it’s important to know at least the most common types and their symptoms.

Nexter.org prepared you a list of 7 most common cancers and their signs.

Non-melanoma Skin Cancer

The most common type of cancer is non-melanoma skin cancer, which includes basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. More than a million Americans get affected by it each year.

The symptoms of basal cell carcinoma are:

  • Raised, flaky red patches.
  • Sores that don’t heal, or heal and then reappear.
  • Small, smooth, shiny, pink, red, or white lumps
  • Pale, flat areas that look like scars.
  • Bleeding, itchy sores that have small blood vessels on their surface.

Basal cell carcinoma is most likely to appear on a face, head, neck, and torso.

The symptoms of squamous cell carcinoma are:

  • Flaky, red patches with uneven borders.
  • Growths that look like warts
  • Easily bleeding sores that won’t heal.
  • Itchy, painful, or irritated growths.

It usually forms on areas that have been exposed to sunlight for a lot of time, like your face.

 

Breast Cancer

In 2018 there was 266,120 new, estimated cases of breast cancer in U. S.

The symptoms are:

  • A lump or mass in your breast, armpit, or around your collarbone. Most of them are not painful but some may be tender and/or painful. (There are also lumps that are not cancer, only the doctor can tell what it really is.)
  • Swelling in your breast
  • Pain in a breast or nipple
  • Liquid from a nipple that isn’t breast milk
  • Irritation, thickening, redness, or flakiness of the skin on your breast
  • A “dented” or turned inward nipple

Do not self-diagnose yourself as these symptoms don’t always mean you have breast cancer. Only a specialist can tell the truth.

 

Lung Cancer

Source: Pinterest

In 2018 there was 234,030 new, estimated cases of lung cancer in U. S.

The symptoms are:

  • A cough that doesn’t go away and gets worse over time
  • Coughing up blood
  • Shortness of breath
  • Constant chest pain
  • Bone pain
  • Hoarseness
  • Regular lung infections
  • Losing weight
  • Not feeling hunger
  • Frequent headaches

Since our lungs do not have many have nerve endings, tumors can grow there without causing pain, so people usually don’t notice any signs until the late-stage.

 

Prostate Cancer

Source: gitishow

In 2018 there was 164,690 new, estimated cases of prostate cancer in U. S.

The symptoms are:

  • Peeing often, especially at night
  • Blood in the urine or ejaculation fluid
  • Pain during urination
  • Pressure or pain in the rectum
  • Trouble getting or keeping an erection
  • Pain in the thighs, lower back, pelvic area, hips
  • Changes in ejaculation

Experts recommend every man over 55 years old without any symptoms to talk to their doctors and decide if he needs to be tested. If you notice any of the symptoms mentioned above, see your doctor right away.

 

Colon and Rectal Cancers

Source: Immunocal Malaysia

It is also called colorectal cancers and in 2018 there were 140,250 new, estimated cases of colon cancer in U. S.

The symptoms are:

  • Losing weight
  • Blood in your stool
  • Weakness and exhaustion
  • Pain in the stomach that lasts for more than a few days
  • Changes in your bowel habits that lasts for more than a few days
  • A pressure in your rectum or abdomen, which feels like you constantly need to use a bathroom.
  • Bleeding in your rectum.

These signs may also be symptoms of hemorrhoids, irritable bowel syndrome, and other problems, so if you experience any of these, consult your doctor.

 

Melanoma

In 2018 there were 91,270 new, estimated cases of melanoma in U. S.

The symptoms are:

  • An asymmetrical mole or mark on the skin with uneven edges.
  • A red, white, or blue mole or mark
  • Bleeding, itching, or crusting mole or mark
  • A mole that is larger than the tip of a pencil eraser
  • A growing quickly mole or mark

Experts recommend examining your whole skin once a month to spot any potential signs, and also check your skin in a clinic once a year.

 

Bladder Cancer

In 2018 there were 81,190 new, estimated cases of bladder cancer in U. S.

The symptoms are:

  • The first sign is blood in the urine, which makes it look pink, red, or orange.
  • Changes in urination.

If you notice any troubles with urination like pain, weak urine stream, or inability to urinate, consult your doctor. And remember that these are also the symptoms of an overactive bladder, urinary tract infection, or an enlarged prostate.

Stay healthy!


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7 Most Common Cancers and Their Symptoms
Title
7 Most Common Cancers and Their Symptoms
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Most of us know that cancer has different stages and the earlier doctors find this disease, the earlier they can start treating it. There are more than 100 types of cancer, so it’s important to know at least the most common types and their symptoms. Nexter.org prepared you a list of 7 most common cancers and their signs.
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