2019 Government Shutdown Is the Longest in U.S. History: When Will it End, How It Affects the Economy and Americans?

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The partial government is now the longest in American history. Keep on reading Nexter.org to know the latest news and updates about that issue.

Make great again

On Monday, Jan 14, the partial enters its 24th day. It’s the longest ever in American history.

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It has left hundreds of thousands of public workers unpaid and government offices closed.

President Trump is refusing to approve a budget unless it includes $5.7bn (£4.5bn) for a wall along the Mexican border – a key campaign pledge, which the president said that Mexico would pay for.

Democrats have rejected his request for funding to build it and say they will not negotiate further until the government is reopened. Mr Trump has raised the stakes by threatening to declare a national emergency and circumvent Congress and get the money he wants.

How is the economy affected?

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Source: Getty Images

Economists estimate that the is likely to shave between about 0.04% and 0.07% of gross domestic product (GDP) off economic growth per week – an average of just over $1bn a week.

That is far less than estimated losses of more than $20bn incurred during the 16-day in 2013, which affected much more of the government.

“As long as this is relatively short, these impacts are going to be fairly modest,” says Joel Prakken, chief US economist for Macroeconomic Advisors by IHS Markit.

According to an estimate by S&P Global Ratings, it will only take another two weeks to cost the economy more than $6 billion, exceeding the $5.7 billion that President Donald Trump demanded to fund his proposed border wall. The U.S. economy has lost $3.6 billion by Friday, according to S&P.

How are workers affected?

us-shutdown-longest-photo

Source: Getty Images

  • About a quarter of the federal government is out of operation and last Friday 800,000 employees missed their first salaries of the year.
  • About 350,000 of those workers are furloughed – a type of temporary lay-off – but the rest are expected to continue to work.
  • Thousands have reportedly applied for unemployment benefits amid the financial uncertainty.
  • Over the weekend, part of Miami International airport was closed because of a shortage of Transportation Security Administration (TSA) agents caused by the .
  • The agents are “essential” federal workers and expected to work but many are calling in sick in protest at the situation, the Miami Herald reports.
  • On Sunday evening, Houston Bush airport stopped security screening at one of its terminals, due to a shortage of staff, and directed passengers to other terminals for security checks.

When will US end?

“I do have a plan on the ,” Trump wrote. “But to understand that plan you would have to understand the fact that I won the election, and I promised safety and security for the American people. Part of that promise was a Wall at the Southern Border. Elections have consequences!”

Trump added: “We will be out for a long time unless the Democrats come back from their ‘vacations’ and get back to work. I am in the White House ready to sign!”

Sen. Lindsey Graham is encouraging Trump to reopen the government for several weeks to continue negotiating with Democrats over the border wall Trump wants to build on the U.S.-Mexico border. If there’s no deal at the end of that time, Graham says Trump would be free to take the more dramatic step of declaring a national emergency to build it.


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2019 Government Shutdown Is the Longest in U.S. History: When Will it End, How It Affects the Economy and Americans?
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2019 Government Shutdown Is the Longest in U.S. History: When Will it End, How It Affects the Economy and Americans?
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The partial government shutdown is now the longest in American history. Keep on reading Nexter.org to know the latest news and updates about that issue.
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