Santa Claus and 10 Other Amazing Facial Reconstructions Of People Who Lived Centuries Ago

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Technologies and modern opportunities give us a short glimpse at the most significant people in our history and show how they looked like.

Nexter.org has compiled a list of 11 facial reconstructions from history you should know about.

Nicolaus Copernicus

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Source: boredpanda

Copernicus was one the brightest Renaissance-era mathematicians and astronomers, who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe. He died at the age of 70. A Polish forensic team reconstructed this face from his remains.

Johann Sebastian Bach

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Source: boredpanda

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, who is regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time. Scottish anthropologist Caroline Wilkinson took measurements of Bach’s facial bones to recreate a 3D image of what the composer’s face must’ve looked like.

Meritamun

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Source: boredpanda

The 2,000 year old mummy known as ‘Meritamun’ was brought back to life using the latest technology. Scientists from the University of Melbourne used her skull to determine that Meritamun was between the ages of 18 and 25, stood about 5 feet 4 inches tall and was anaemic. Unfortunately, they couldn’t find the cause of death since the rest of her body was never recovered. To reconstruct Meritamun’s face, the researchers used medical research, forensic science, computerized tomographic (CT) scanning, , Egyptology and art.

Maximilien De Robespierre

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Source: boredpanda

Maximilien de Robespierre was a French politician and lawyer, best known for his role in the French Revolution (1789 – 1799) and the Reign of Terror. He was executed by guillotine on July 28, 1794 at the age of 36.

Scientists used his death mask, as well as historical records detailing Robespierre’s medical history to reconstruct his face and determine the illnesses he suffered.

Several clinical signs were described by contemporary witnesses: vision problems, nose bleeds (“he covered his pillow of fresh blood each night”), jaundice (“yellow colored skin and eyes”), asthenia (“continuous tiredness”), recurrent leg ulcers, and frequent facial skin diseases associated with scars of a previous smallpox infection. Historians speculate that he suffered from sarcoidosis. He also had permanent eye and mouth twitching. The symptoms worsened between 1790 and 1794. The day before his beheading, Robespierre suffered a firearm wound to the jaw in dubious circumstances.

King Tut’s Biological Mother, Likely Nefertiti

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Source: boredpanda

DNA tests revealed that a mummy known as “the Younger Lady” is the sister of Akhenaten (Tut’s father) and mother of Tutankhamun. While its identity hasn’t been fully determined, many believe that the remains belong to Queen Nefertiti, Akhenaten’s Great Royal Wife. Paleoartist Élisabeth Daynès used the scan of “the Younger Lady” to reconstruct a bust of the Egyptian queen.

St. Nicholas – one of the inspirations for Santa Claus

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Source: boredpanda

Aided by software simulation and 3D interactive technology by Liverpool John Moores University’s Face Lab, the above-pictured 3D model reconstructed in 2016, was the result of her detailed analysis– though it is still subject to various interpretations. According to renowned facial anthropologist, Caroline Wilkinson, the project was based on “all the skeletal and historical material”.

Anthony Of Padua

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Source: boredpanda

Saint Anthony of Padua was a Catholic priest who was born in 1195, to a wealthy family in Lisbon, Portugal. He died at the age of 35 in Padua, Italy. As his contemporaries recognized his devotion and love to the poor and the sick, as well as his powerful preaching, Anthony was one of the most quickly canonized saints in church history. He is the patron saint of lost things. In 2014, forensic researchers at the University of St. Anthony of Padua teamed up to recreate his facial image from a digital copy of his skull. They used the latest 3D program to reconstruct Anthony’s features in what they believe to be “one of the most faithful reconstructions of the face of St. Anthony.”

Mary, Queen Of Scots

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Source: boredpanda

Mary Stuart was Queen of Scotland between 1542 and 1567 and she was only 6 days old when she acceded to the throne. She spent her last 18 years in custody of Queen Elizabeth of England after which Mary was found guilty of plotting to assassinate Elizabeth in 1586 and executed. She was 44 at the time of her execution. Experts from the University of Dundee compiled all the available portraits of Mary Stuart to recreate a 3D image of what she would’ve looked like during her reign.

A Medieval Maiden From Edinburgh

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Source: boredpanda

This lady is one of the 400 people found in South Leith Parish Church graveyard, which was excavated during preparation work for Edinburgh Trams in 2009. They date back to 16th century. Experts have analyzed the remains and determined that her age was between 25-and 35, her height was 4ft 11 which is 4 centimetres shorter than the average height of a medieval woman in the found population.

Robert Burns

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Source: boredpanda

Robert Burns (1759 – 1796) was a Scottish poet and lyricist known for such works as “Auld Lang Syne” and “The Battle of Sherramuir”. He died at the age of 37 in Dumfries, Scotland. Researchers used his skull to recreate a 3D reproduction to bring Burns back to life.

Ava

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Source: boredpanda

Ava was a Bronze-Age woman who died 3,700 years ago. She was found in an unusual grave for her time. Instead of being buried in soil, like others, Ava’s final resting place was carved in solid rock, which suggested that she was special. Scottish archaeologist Maya Hoole and forensic artist Hew Morrison teamed up to recreate Ava’s face using sophisticated software and tissue depth charts.


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Santa Claus and 10 Other Amazing Facial Reconstructions Of People Who Lived Centuries Ago
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Santa Claus and 10 Other Amazing Facial Reconstructions Of People Who Lived Centuries Ago
Description
Technologies and modern opportunities give us a short glimpse at the most significant people in our history and show how they looked like. Nexter.org has compiled a list of 11 facial reconstructions from history you should know about.
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